The Mime Charles Deburau as Pierrot

Nadar 1854

Jean-Charles Deburau (February 15, 1829 – December 19, 1873) was an important French mime, the son and successor of the legendary Jean-Gaspard Deburau, who was immortalized as Baptiste the Pierrot in Marcel Carné’s film Children of Paradise (1945). After his father’s death in 1846, Charles kept alive his pantomimic legacy, first in Paris, at the Théâtre des Funambules, and then, beginning in the late 1850s, at theaters in Bordeaux and Marseille. He is routinely credited with founding a southern “school” of pantomime; indeed, he served as tutor to the Marseille mime Louis Rouffe, who, in turn, gave instruction to Séverin Cafferra, known simply as “Séverin”. But their art was nourished by the work of other mimes, particularly of Charles’s rival, Paul Legrand, and by earlier developments in nineteenth-century pantomime that were alien to the Deburaux’ traditions.

Original Text: Wikipedia